A paradigm is: Question 1 options:

A paradigm is:
an Enlightenment principle of justice and ethics
one particular way of thinking about a topic
two nickels
a worldview originating in Eastern philosophy
Question 2 (1 point)
Ontology is:
the study of environment
the study of essence
the study of existence
the study of empiricism
Question 3 (1 point)
A materialist believes that:
the natural realm is all that exists
God created the world but is not active in it
forces outside nature created the world
the universe consists of only matter and energy
Question 4 (1 point)
Monism is:
the concept that the universe consists of only immaterial substances
the belief that the universe consists of only one type of thing (matter, ideas)
the idea that the universe is made up of two different substances
the thought that the universe will come to a single apocalyptic end
Question 5 (1 point)
Dialectical reasoning includes all
making a proposal
modifying an idea
raising questions, pointing out problems
concluding with a synthesis
Question 6 (1 point)
Realism that developed after the Enlightenment include all
common sense realism
critical realism
ideal realism
pragmatic realism
Question 7 (1 point)
Determinism is the belief that everything happens:
only if there is an ideal way that everyone agrees on
exactly as it does because of the laws of cause and effect
because God determined that the universe should run on its own
because it works in the best practical way
Question 8 (1 point)
The Enlightenment was a time period in Europe when:
intellectuals began to rely on reason alone to arrive at truth
watchmakers like Benjamin Franklin became American fathers
Deism overtook theism as the main theology
electricity began to be used in schools of philosophy
Question 9 (1 point)
Plato’s theory of “Forms” is another term for:
the world of senses
the world of dualism
the world of ideas
the world of myth
Question 10 (1 point)
The via negativa is a term referring to:
apophatic perspective of God
negative theology
what God is not
A myth is:
an explanation of our perceptions
a false story
a fanciful tale
a complete mystery
Question 12 (1 point)
The steps for the Scientific method include all but
establish a theory
assume a conclusion
observe a set of data
form a hypothesis
Question 13 (1 point)
To be objective about something is to:
to be less prejudiced about it
be less critical of it
to make it false
to be biased against it
Question 14 (1 point)
Thomas Kuhn was known in philosophy for the idea of:
birthing post-modernism
paradigm shifts in science
logical positivism in Vienna
social Darwinism
Question 15 (1 point)
Occam’s Razor is a principle associated with:
the that the simplest explanation is the best one
the heliocentric notion of the universe
the saying “a keep sharp tongue in a cool head”
the first ‘close shave’
Question 16 (1 point)
Aseity and omnibenevolence are two qualities appearing:
Question 16 options:
in all supernatural beings
in divine nature
in Christians fundamentalists
in ancient philosophers
Question 17 (1 point)
Panentheism is the belief that:
Question 17 options:
sees God as the creator of all things
identifies the world with God
sees the world as part of God
sees theism as the problem of the world
Question 18 (1 point)
Evolution can involve all the following terms except:
survival of the fittest
irreducible complexity
natural selection
Question 19 (1 point)
The top of Maslow’s hierarchy is represented by the term:
Question 19 options:
Question 20 (1 point)
Someone who believes the world holds no intrinsic meaning is a:
a collectivist
a nihilist
an individualist
an existentialist

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