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Project 2: Tool Analysis
The research paper must be written in accordance with the instructions below and must meet the requirement of the Rubrics in the attached PDF Doc. Chapter readings are also attached in PDF Doc’s
This project is the second of four projects. It also represents the second part of the external environmental analysis that is part of a strategic management plan. You will use the tools and apply concepts learned in this and previous business courses to demonstrate an understanding of how organizations develop and manage strategies to establish, safeguard and sustain its competitive position in the 21st century’s (rapidly evolving/shifting/changing), uncertain hyper-competitive business environment.
Monitoring competitors’ performance is a key aspect of performing an external environment analysis. This project provides you with the opportunity to evaluate the competitive position of one of the organizations listed below and integrate that information in a partial SWOT (OT), Porter’s Five Forces, External Factor Evaluation (EFE) matrix and Competitive Profile Matrices (CPM).
In this project, you are presenting a report document. The expectation is that the report provides the level of details to help the audience grasp the main topics and to understand and complete the External Environmental Analysis.
Analysis is the operative word. In analyzing the external environment, you are expected to thoroughly research and take that research and break it into small parts to gain a better understanding of what is happening in the external environment of the business. In researching an industry, it is important to understand that every company within an industry is different so gathering information on one company does not mean that the collected information is relevant to other company within that industry. When researching, parsing the material is critical to an accurate analysis. Avoid presenting just any information as that may lead to using irrelevant information.
You will then write the report in your own words to share the external analysis. You are expected to present information and support the ideas and reasoning using the course material and your research. You will not lift any information from source documents without properly citing and referencing. For the technical analysis aspect of the project, you are required to create the technique on your own and may not use from any source material that you happen to find.
Outcomes Met With This Project
1. utilize a set of useful analytical skills, tools, and techniques for analyzing a company strategically;
2. integrate ideas, concepts, and theories from previously taken functional courses including accounting, finance, market, business and human resource management;
3. analyze and synthesize strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) to generate, prioritize, and implement alternative strategies in order to revise a current plan or write a new plan and present a strategic plan.
Step 1: Specific Company for All Four Projects
Assigned Company: Quanta Services, Inc. (NYS:PWR) https://www.quantaservices.com/
The companies that your instructor has assigned to you for Project 1 is the company you will use for this project. The assigned company must be used for this project and in subsequent projects in the course. Students must complete the project using the assigned company. Deviating from the assigned company will result in a zero for the project.
After reading the course material, you will complete the steps below.
Step 2: Course Materials and Research
You are required to research information about the focal company and the internal environment for this project, You are accountable for using the course materials to support the ideas, reasoning and conclusions made. Course materials use goes beyond defining terms but is used to explain the ‘why and how’ of a situation. Using one or two in-text citations from the course materials and then relying on Internet source material will not earn many points on the assignment. A variety of source material is expected and what is presented must be relevant and applicable to the topic being discussed. Avoid merely making statements but close the loop of the discussion by explaining how something happens or why something happens, which focuses on importance and impact. In closing the loop, you will demonstrate the ability to think clearly and rationally showing an understanding of the logical connections between the ideas presented from the research, the course material and the question(s) being asked.
Note: Your report is based on the results of the research performed and not on any prepared documentation. What this means is that you will research and draw your own conclusions that are supported by the research and the course material rather than the use any source material that puts together any of the tools or techniques whether from the Internet, for-pay websites or any pre-prepared document, video or source material. A zero will be earned for not doing your own analysis.
Success: The analysis is based on research and not opinion. You are not making recommendations and you will not attempt to position the focal company in a better or worse light than other companies within the industry merely because you are completing an analysis on this particular company. The analysis must be based on factual information. Any conclusions drawn have to be based on factual information rather than leaps of faith. To ensure success, as stated above, you are expected to use the course materials and research on the focal company’s global industry and the focal company. Opinion does not earn credit nor does using external sources when course materials can be used. It is necessary to provide explanations (the why and how) rather than making statements. Avoid stringing one citation after another as doing so does not show detailed explanations.
You may use Market Line and should be looking at the focal company’s Annual Report or 10K report. You are not depending on any one resource to complete the analysis. It is impossible to complete a Porter’s Five Forces, competitive analysis or OT by using only course material.
You should not be using obscure articles, GlassDoor, or Chron or similar types of articles.
Research for Financial Analysis: Financial Research https://learn.umgc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Financial%20Research.docx?_&d2lSessionVal=c4Ew75q7R4wFi3THHXVNbS9h9
Research for Industry Analysis CSI Market https://csimarket.com/Industry/Industry_Financial_strength.php
The course ebook chapters are attached in PDF Doc’s
Research for Financial Analysis: Financial Research https://learn.umuc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Financial%20Research.docx?_&d2lSessionVal=N2iHBW3H7GaoSufIDiNAy2STw
Research for Industry Analysis CSI Market https://csimarket.com/Industry/Industry_Financial_strength.php
What is Strategy? Common Misunderstandings https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Hd88eBgkw0
What is Strategy? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TD7WSLeQtVw
Your Strategy Needs a Strategy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YE_ETgaFVo8&feature=youtu.be
Goldsmith, D. (2013, July/Aug). Rethinking the company’s competitive advantage. Financial Executive 29(6), 14-17. https://learn.umuc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Rethinking%20the%20Company’s%20Competitive%20Advantage.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=N2iHBW3H7GaoSufIDiNAy2STw
Papula, J., Volna, J. (2013). Core competence for sustainable competitive advantage. Academic Conference, 1-7. https://learn.umuc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Core%20Competence%20for%20Sustainable%20Competitive%20Advantage.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=N2iHBW3H7GaoSufIDiNAy2STw
What is Strategy?: The Three Levels of Strategy https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/what-is-strategy.htm
What is Strategic Planning, Really? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLJ34L5UW4E
Strategic Management Process http://www.managementstudyguide.com/strategic-management-process.htm
Creating a Strategy That Works http://www.strategy-business.com/feature/Creating-a-Strategy-That-Works
Hard Ball: Five Killer Strategies for Trouncing the Competition. (HBR) http://hbr.org/2004/04/hardball-five-killer-strategies-for-trouncing-the-competition/ar/1
Porter’s (1980) Generic Strategies as Determinants of Strategic Group Membership and Organizational Performance https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/256040.pdf
Rumelt, R. (2011, June) The perils of bad strategy, McKinsey Quarterly. http://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/strategy-and-corporate-finance/our-insights/the-perils-of-bad-strategy
Bradley, C., Hirt, M. & Smit, S. (2011, January). Have you tested your strategy lately? McKinsey Quarterly. http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/strategy/have_you_tested_your_strategy_lately
How to Stress-Test Your Strategy (10:15 minutes; transcript available) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nS-Slo8S6V4
Is the resource-based view a useful perspective for strategic management research? https://learn.umgc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Is%20the%20Resource-based%20%E2%80%9CView%E2%80%9D%20a%20Useful%20Perspective%20for%20Strategic%20Management%20Research.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=c4Ew75q7R4wFi3THHXVNbS9h9
Selecting Among Alternative Grand Strategies https://learn.umgc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Selecting%20among%20alternative%20grand%20strategies.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=c4Ew75q7R4wFi3THHXVNbS9h9
Introduction to Industry Analysis (13:43 minutes) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DFd-ZNbNX4
Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage https://learn.umuc.edu/content/enforced/180848-001153-01-2168-US2-4165/J%20Barney_Firm%20resources%20and%20sustained%20competitive%20advantage.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=uOVC5ogbMFjzICnFgef1dHQhB&ou=180848
SWOT Analysis From a Resource-Based View https://learn.umgc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/SWOT%20analysis%20from%20a%20resource-based%20view.pdf?_&d2lSessionVal=c4Ew75q7R4wFi3THHXVNbS9h9
The Reality of Digital Disruption–How to Stay Ahead https://www.forbes.com/sites/insights-treasuredata/2018/07/17/the-reality-of-digital-disruption-how-to-stay-ahead/#6682ea9443c1
Porter’s (1980) Generic Strategies as Determinants of Strategic Group Membership and Organizational Performance http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.umuc.edu/stable/256040
Step 3: How to Set Up the Report
The document has to be written in Word or rtf. No other format is acceptable. No pdf files will be graded. Use 12-point font for a double-spaced report. The final product cannot be longer than 10 pages in length, which includes all tables and matrices but excludes the title page and reference page. Do no use an Appendix.
Create a title page with title, your name, the course number, the instructor’s name.
Tools and Techniques:
IFE (Internal Factor Evaluation) http://www.maxi-pedia.com/IFE+EFE+matrix+internal+factor+evaluation
The TOWS Matrix: Putting a SWOT Analysis into Action https://www.volunteerhub.com/blog/the-tows-matrix-putting-a-swot-analysis-into-action/
Grand Strategy Matrix https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYWHaOjWnN8
Competitive Profile Matrix (CPM) http://www.strategicmanagementinsight.com/tools/competitive-profile-matrix-cpm.html
Competitive Profile Matrix Example – Handicraft Industry https://learn.umgc.edu/content/enforced/456311-001153-01-2202-US2-6250/Competitive%20Profile%20Matrix%20Example%20-%20Handicraft%20Industry%20042619.docx?_&d2lSessionVal=c4Ew75q7R4wFi3THHXVNbS9h9
The IE Matrix https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_vzpjzSv5s
Explanation of IE Matrix https://learn.umuc.edu/content/enforced/328968-001153-01-2188-OL4 7980/Copy%20of%20Explantion%20IE%20matrix%20graphical%20representation.xlsx?_&d2lSessionVal=hj9Ne5ND9z6jDLqLNG2eEfn99
Strategic-Formulation Analytical Framework – Must Read to Learn how to create a Grand Strategy Matrix. https://learn.umgc.edu/content/enforced/420886-001153-01-2198-OL1-6382/Strategy Formulation%20Analytical%20Framework.docx?_&d2lSessionVal=c4Ew75q7R4wFi3THHXVNbS9h9
The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Matrix https://learn.umuc.edu/content/enforced/115108-M_001153-01-2158/Boston%20Consulting%20Group%20(BCG)%20Matrix.doc?_&d2lSessionVal=3vs0GVW35Iea7t7HqIT53oVFw&ou=115108
BCG Matrix http://www.netmba.com/strategy/matrix/bcg/
The IE Matrix https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_vzpjzSv5s
How to Prepare the Internal External Matrix http://www.businessstudynotes.com/finance/strategic-managment/how-to-prepare-the-internal-external-matrix/
Step 4: Industry Analysis
Perform a Porter’s Five Forces analysis on the organization’s industry and the focal company in particular. The industry is the global industry. First, use the course materials to identify the five forces and what components make up each force. Then, perform an analysis of each force that clearly discusses the ‘why and how’ and concludes with the effect of the given force on the fortunes of the industry (industry profitability) and/or industry dynamics; that is whether the effect of the force on the industry is weak/modest/average/moderate or strong/severe and also on the focal company. You may not use a Porter’s Five Forces analysis that is already completed and available on the Internet. A zero will result if used as the analysis has to be the result of your research and your own development.
Step 5: Competitive Analysis
Perform a Competitive Analysis using the focal company’s closest three competitors plus the selected company. Explain why these companies are competitors. Analyze the competition’s products and services explaining features, value, targets, etc. What are the competition’s strengths and weaknesses and what is the market outlook for the competition?
Identify and discuss at least eight (8) key success factors (critical success factors). Each industry has different key success factors so make sure the success factors fit the industry. Review the Competitive Profile Matrix Example under week 3 Content for clarification.
Develop a Competitor Profile Matrix (CPM). Explain how you developed the matrix. Make sure to support your reasoning.
Step 6: Partial SWOT Analysis
A SWOT analysis is a tool used to assess the strengths and weaknesses (internal environment) and the opportunities and threats (external environment) of an organization. You will complete a partial SWOT analysis only completing an analysis on the OT (Opportunities and Threats). The information presented is not based on your beliefs but on fact-based, data-driven information. The items used in the OT are factors that are affecting or might affect the focal company or those companies within the identified industry.
Develop an OT table using your research to identify at least five (5) opportunities and five (5) threats that influence the industry and the focal company. Make sure to cite the elements within the table.
Perform an OT analysis (separate from SWOT table).
You may not use a SWOT analysis that is already completed and available on the Internet. The OT is for the focal company and no other company. A zero will result if used as the analysis has to be the result of your research and your own development. NOTE: A matrix is a table. It is not an analysis.
Step 7: External Factor Evaluation (EFE) Analysis
The External Factor Evaluation (EFE) matrix will allow you to use the information from the industry analysis and the competitive analysis to assess whether the focal company is able to effectively take advantage of existing opportunities while minimizing the identified external threats that will help you formulate new strategies and policies. You will use the opportunities and threats from the OT analysis.
Using the information gathered for the OT analysis, develop an EFE matrix using five (5) opportunities and five (5) threats. Discuss how you developed the EFE matrix and the outcome. Make sure to support your reasoning.
Step 8: Conclusion
Create a concluding paragraph. The Conclusion is intended to emphasize the purpose/significance of the analysis, emphasize the significance/consequence of findings, and indicate the wider applications that are derived from the main points of the project’s requirements. You will draw conclusions about the findings of the external environment analysis.
Step 9: Review the Paper
Read the paper to ensure all required elements are present.
The following are specific requirements that you will follow. Use the checklist to mark off that you have followed each specific requirement.
Specific Project Requirements
Proofread your paper
Read and use the grading rubric while completing the paper to ensure all requirements are met that will lead to the highest possible grade.
Third person writing is required. Third person means that there are no words such as “I, me, my, we, or us” (first person writing), nor is there use of “you or your” (second person writing). If uncertain how to write in the third person, view this link: http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/first-second-and-third-person.
Contractions are not used in business writing, so do not use them.
Paraphrase and do not use direct quotations. Paraphrase means you do not use more than four consecutive words from a source document. Removing quotation marks and citing is inappropriate. Instead put a passage from a source document into your own words and attribute the passage to the source document. There should be no passages with quotation marks. Using more than four consecutive words from a source document would require direct quotation marks. Changing words from a passage does not exclude the passage from having quotation marks. If more than four consecutive words are used from source documents, this material will not be included in the grade.
You are expected to use the research and weekly course materials to develop the analysis and support the reasoning. There should be a robust use of the course material. Material used from a source document must be cited and referenced. A reference within a reference list cannot exist without an associated in-text citation and vice versa. Changing words from a passage does not exclude the passage from having quotation marks.
Use in-text citations and provide a reference list that contains the reference associated with each in-text citation.
You may not use books in completing this problem set unless part of the course material. Also, do not use a dictionary, Wikipedia or Investopedia or similar sources. You may not use Fern Fort University, Ibis World or any other for-fee website.
Provide the page or paragraph number in every in-text citation presented. Since the eBook does not have page numbers, include the chapter title and topic heading. If using a video, provide the minutes and second of the cited material.
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